How to Survive the First Trimester of Pregnancy
Marissa is the writer of ThePracticalMommy and the blog Mommy Knows What’s Best. She is a stay-at-home mom to four and was a teacher.
The First Trimester of Pregnancy
Your First Trimester
The first trimester of pregnancy can be an exciting yet frightening time for women, especially those who are pregnant for the first time. There’s no need to worry; most of the things you will experience have been experienced by women for ages and now we’re in an age when we understand so much more about pregnancy and how our bodies react to the stresses of pregnancy.
Beginning of the First Trimester of Pregnancy
When Does the First Trimester Start
The first trimester begins two weeks before there’s even a chance you are pregnant. Crazy, right? Not so much. For a long, long time, health care professionals have been measuring pregnancy from the start of the last menstrual cycle, i.e. the first day of your last period. Pregnancy from there lasts approximately nine to ten months (
40 weeks). It has been the most accurate way, aside from measurements by an ultrasound, to measure the timing of pregnancy.
The only other way to determine when pregnancy begins is to know the actual date of conception, but let’s face it: who knows that? Very few people. For example, let’s say you only have intercourse once during your cycle, right around ovulation. The sperm released can live up to five days and can meet the egg during any of the five days. Still think you know you’re conception date now?
Back to the last menstrual cycle: let’s say in a 28 day cycle your period started on June 30 th and you missed your next period, due around July 28 th . If you’re pregnant, your pregnancy started on June 30 th , and by July 28 th you’re already four weeks pregnant. That’s one third of the first trimester already!
If you have irregular menstrual cycles or you’re not sure when you last menstruated, your doctor can give you an estimate of your dates based on measurements of the baby and your uterus during an ultrasound and pelvic exam.
When Does the First Trimester Begin?
When is My Due Date?
Your due date is calculated by using the first day of your last period. If you want to count it from there, your due date would be approximately 280 days from then, give or take a few days.
An easy way to figure out your due date is to take the first day of your last period, add 7 days, and then count backwards three months. For example, if your last menstrual period was June 30, adding seven days would give you July 7, and three months back would be April 7. Your due date would be on or around April 7th.
An even easier way to figure out your due date would be to use a due date calculator online or on a smartphone app.
No matter how you determine your due date, it is just an estimate. Few women actually have their babies on their due dates. In a healthy pregnancy, babies can be born anytime after the 38th week until a week after the due date. Sometimes, babies will come a few weeks earlier than the due date. There’s no sure way of knowing until you go into labor or have a condition that may indicate that you’ll go into labor early. Only those who at risk for preterm labor will have a test called a fetal fibronectin that can indicate if preterm labor will not happen. The rest of pregnant women just have to wait it out!
What is the First Trimester Like?
If this is your first pregnancy, the first trimester may either be uneventful or the worst thing you’ve ever experienced. For those who only have symptoms like a positive pregnancy test and a growing bosom, the first trimester will be one of excitement and awe. For those who feel like they have a twelve week flu, the first trimester will seem like it may never end. It’s different for every woman and every pregnancy.
When I was pregnant with my firstborn, I had it pretty easy. I only felt tired and breezed through the first trimester. My second pregnancy was a different matter. I felt sick all of the time (whoever named it ‘morning’ sickness was so wrong!) and was very sensitive to smells and tastes. My third pregnancy was like my first (both ended up being boys!). My fourth pregnancy was worse than all the rest.
Either way, it can be exciting to think about the tiny baby growing inside of you. You’ll be happy to tell family and friends (read more about sharing your news here), find out everything there is to know about pregnancy, and window shop for baby essentials.
You’re going to get a ton of advice when you’re pregnant from family, friends, and even complete strangers. The advice to trust should come from your doctor or health care professional.
Trusted advice can also come in the form of a book. I loved What to Expect When You’re Expecting as a trusted pregnancy resource when I had questions. I also really liked the straightforward advice from the book Your Pregnancy and Childbirth Month to Month.
Dealing with Morning Sickness
Many women experience some level of morning sickness during the first trimester, most likely around the six weeks mark. At that point, the pregnancy hormones have fully kicked in and start messing with your delicate, balanced system.
‘Morning sickness’ is medically known as nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. The unknown person who named it was fairly wrong in his/her estimation about the timing; morning sickness can strike at any time, morning, noon, and night. For most women who suffer with it, the symptoms are prevalent during the early morning hours when their stomachs are empty and they’re getting up out of bed after lying down for several hours. Other women, like myself, have it all day long.
Not all women vomit with morning sickness, but for those who do, it can be hard to keep food down and they may even lose weight during the first few months of pregnancy. It is important for those women to stay hydrated and eat what they can to have balanced nutrition for the baby.
The rest of the women who have morning sickness tend to just get nauseous or very dizzy, and they may even gag. To me, it felt like my throat was always tense and my stomach was queasy, along with having excess saliva. Add to that certain smells or even the sight of certain foods and I’d gag and have to remove myself from the room.
This too shall pass. For most, morning sickness symptoms go away around the 14th week, in the beginning of the second trimester. Others may suffer a bit longer while some stay sick for the entire pregnancy (sorry!).
Bleeding In Second Trimester: Causes of Bleeding During 12th Week of Pregnancy
My wife is bleeding and she’s 4months 2weeks pregnant, what is wrong with her? What are the causes of bleeding during her Second Trimester?
Bleeding in second trimester of pregnancy can certainly cause worry in every women. During pregnancy there are many bodily changes in a woman, some are due to hormones; others are due to natural increase in size of the uterus.
There are many reasons for bleeding in second trimester of pregnancy and most of them are not to be worried about.
Causes of Bleeding in 12th Week of Pregnancy
- Problem with cervix: Most of the time, bleeding in 4 th month or in second trimester is due to complications arising from cervix.
You have to consult the health care provider regarding her bleeding to find the cause of bleeding.
Your health care provider may advice her for an ultrasound.
First Trimester With Twins
This is your first trimester with twins! It’s likely that you’ve only just found out you’re pregnant with twins, in which case, congratulations!
Right now, your body is making all of the necessary changes to allow your twins to grow up big and strong, so you can expect pregnancy symptoms that are pretty rough. But these symptoms won’t last long, and in only a few weeks you can expect all these symptoms to slow down. Round about the time you start showing!
We’ve got a detailed week by week breakdown below, but here’s a quick rundown of what to expect.
Your Twins in the First Trimester
Your twins are still small, and they’re going to stay small all the way through til the end of this trimester. By the end of week 12, expect your twins to be around the size of little plums. They’ll be around two inches long, like a curled finger, and they’ll only way around half an ounce each! That’s tiny!
But even though they’re so small, they’ve got a lot of development going on. By the end of the trimester, your twins immune systems will have started functioning, they’ll be moving with purpose, already reacting to outside influences, including each other, and they might even have a small amount of tiny little hairs.
Key Things to Expect in the First Twelve Weeks
What Pregnancy Symptoms Can I Expect in the First Trimester?
The first trimester with twins can be complicated. After all, this is the period where your body is making all of the difficult changes that it needs to get you through your pregnancy. But we’re here with you, no matter how far you are along. If you need a little extra help, just click on the articles below to find out what you’re going to be facing, week on week.
Is it Normal to Cramp in Your First Trimester?
Monica Talks about Cramps During Pregnancy
Causes of Abdominal Pain
Round Ligament Pain
If you want to experiences a healthier, happier and beautiful pregnancy week.
– One of your eggs erupts from its follicle and is swept away from your ovary and into a Fallopian tube.
– During the next 12 to 24 hours, that egg will be fertilized if one of the 250 million sperm your mate ejaculates manages to swim all the way from your vagina through your cervix, up into your uterus to the Fallopian tube, and penetrate the egg.
– The sperm move forward by wiggling their tails through the dangerous obstacle track, the acidity in the vagina, the cervix, and the uterus. The obstacles claim many lives. The slow and weak give up.
– Now there are only about 100 sperm left competing for the ovum, but only one will make it through the ovum’s protective layer
– Once a single sperm has penetrated, the cell membrane of the egg changes its electrical characteristics and does not allow other sperms to enter.
– For the winning sperm, it is the beginning. It sheds its unnecessary tail and load, and is free.
– The father’s genetic material merges with the mother’s. A new and unique cell is created: the fertilized ovum
– The fertilized egg will travel from the Fallopian tube to the uterus and start developing fetus.