How to Control Blood Sugar Level in Pregnancy
Whether you have diabetes before you become pregnant or you develop gestational diabetes, it is important to control your blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Working closely with your medical team, you should use proper diet and moderate exercise to help keep your blood sugar levels in check. If diet and exercise can’t bring your blood glucose levels under control on their own, your doctor may prescribe medication such as metformin or insulin injections.
Method One of Three:
Eating a Nutritionally Balanced Diet Edit
Glucose Levels Chart (Normal blood sugar levels target charts)
How to read your blood glucose results and how to interpret glucose levels using simple and easy sugar chart for all ages and conditions, below is blood glucose level map in mmol/l unit (used in uk) and determined values in mg/dl unit (used in USA, Canada, and world wide). here is what should your blood sugar level be.
I’ve seen many questions out there such as:
What is normal blood sugar level for adults man or woman, are kids sugar levels chart different than old person sugar, what is the standard glucose value to adjust my sugar level, have my glucose treatment succeeded, do I still in danger of high glucose values?, blood glucose levels for non fasting males and females?, What is the blood sugar range for a non diabetic person?, are morning blood sugar levels is diabetes or non diabetic?, what is safe sugar level during pregnancy?, Do glucose in blood rise after eating or be normal? How bad is my blood glucose level?
And others like that, just follow my guideline
Estimate your sugar level in the lab
After receiving lab work results, just look to your lab report and save in your mind the numbers typed right in front of test name called one of these:
Blood Glucose (no common and usually preceded by type of sample as following below)
Serum Glucose (“serum or blood” in medical reports for glucose test may be used as synonymous, also S. before the test name means “serum” and Bl. for “blood”)
Random blood glucose (Levels of sugar in the blood of a person at ant time of the day except fasting)
Fasting Blood Glucose (sugar level in patient’s blood after fasting from 6 -8 hours or overnight fasting)
2h Postprandial Glucose (estimating how sugar reaches its level in blood two hours after eating a usual meal)
Identifying a glucose range in sugar levels table
Print that glucose levels table or fix screen to make it in front of your eyes
Do not look around, just keep your focus on the figures in the report and compare it to the level ranges sorted in the sugar chart.
Describe you diabetic condition
Once you find a corresponding glucose range to your level in the glucose test results, then by now you’ve found what your sugar levels are whether you have a normal sugar or abnormal levels or whatever it be, it going to describe your diabetic status, I mean are you diabetic or non-diabetic, if diabetic how to control diabetes level to reach the normal blood sugar figures, if non-diabetic then everything is great.
Set control blood sugar levels during Diabetes, pregnancy, childhood, and for every type of diabetes mellitus.
New Health Advisor
Blood glucose, or blood sugar, is a very important source of energy for our bodies. It provides nutrients to the body’s organs, muscles and the nervous system. Glucose arrives in the body from the food you eat every day, with the absorption of glucose regulated by the small intestine, pancreas and liver.
Blood Sugar Normal Range
The normal range of blood sugar varies depending on the different laboratories that conduct tests. There are many factors playing a role in an individual’s blood sugar levels.And the normal levels may be slightly different in different occasions.
1. Normal Fasting Blood Sugar
An individual’s fasting blood sugar is measured when they first wake up in the morning. The idea is to get an estimation before any food is consumed. If your blood sugar levels are between 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/L) and 92 mg/dl (5.0 mmol/L) then you are at a normal fasting blood sugar level. A majority of research indicates that anyone with blood sugar levels in this range is not at risk of developing diabetes for at least another decade or two. If the blood sugar level is going above 92 mg/dl, the risk of diabetes begins to increase rapidly. Some doctors even consider blood sugar levels below 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/L) as normal.
2. Post-Meal or Postprandial Blood Sugar
This measures the blood sugar levels an hour or two after a meal is consumed. No matter what a person eats for his or her meal, the blood sugar level should not go above 120 mg/dl (6.6 mmol/L). For a majority of people, this level will not rise above 100 mg/dl after meals.
Individuals with diabetes are at greater risk when their blood sugar levels increase. For these people, keeping blood sugar between 4 to 7 mmol/L is vital before meals. For an after-meal level, blood sugar should not go above 9 mmol/L if you have type I diabetes, or above 8.5 if you have type II diabetes.
3. Normal Blood Sugars During Pregnancy
The blood sugar normal range during pregnancy is lower than other people, due to the dilution of blood sugar resulting from higher blood volume in pregnant women. A majority of research shows that the blood sugar range for a normal pregnant woman is
- between 70 to 79 mg/dl at fasting;
- between 109 and 132 mg/dl an hour after meals;
- and between 99 to 110 mg/dl two hours after a meal.
If you are pregnant but also have diabetes, make sure your blood sugar levels at fasting are 79 mg/dl or lower, with the one hour and two hour after-meals level at 122 mg/dl and 110 mg/dl respectively.
Abnormalities in Blood Sugar Levels
With the blood sugar normal range discussed above, it is time to look at the types of abnormalities people experience in their blood sugar levels.
Low Blood Sugar
Low blood sugar occurs when the blood glucose levels in the body drop to below 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/L). There are risks associated with lower blood sugar levels, such as the potentially fatal hypoglycemia. If you are worried about low blood sugar, keep an eye out for symptoms such as lethargic feelings, impaired mental functions, constant irritability, shaking, twitching, weakness in your arms or leg muscles, a pale complexion, excessive sweating and complete loss of consciousness.
High Blood Sugar
Similar to low blood sugar, high blood sugar involves health risks for both the short and long-term. If a person’s blood sugar levels are constantly high, it leads to appetite suppression and other issues. If this hyperglycemia is long-term, it can lead to other diseases such as heart disease, eye problems, kidney failure, nerve damage and more. Consistent high blood sugar most often leads to diabetes.
How to Tell If Someone Has Diabetes
Diabetes is a very serious illness that has immediate and long-term health consequences. However, people are often unaware of how to diagnose diabetes in themselves or their loved ones.
Tests to Diagnose Diabetes in Someone
There are two main tests performed by doctors to test the blood glucose in the body, thereby discovering if you are suffering from pre-diabetes or diabetes. These tests are the fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
The FPG test is a test of your blood to understand the level of sugar in your body after you have not eaten anything for at least eight hours. If the fasting blood glucose level is at 100 to 125 mg/dl, a person is likely to have pre-diabetes. If the level is 126 mg/dl or above, they already suffer from full-blown diabetes.
The OGTT involves measuring an individual’s blood sugar level by eating nothing for at least two hours and then consuming some beverage rich in glucose. If the blood sugar level is between 140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl then they are suffering from pre-diabetes. If the level reaches 200 mg/dl or higher, they have diabetes.
As with any tests, these blood sugar tests are not 100% accurate. For that reason, if anyone measures in a range that outside the blood sugar normal range, the test is taken again at a different day to confirm the results. According to the American Diabetes Association, the FPG test is easier to perform, quicker and costs less money.
Test Your Blood Sugar at Home
If you do not have the time or money to visit a doctor to test your blood sugar, there are some home methods to check whether you are in the blood sugar normal range.
- Using Your Fingertips: Take a small but sharp needle and prick your finger. Place the resulting blood onto a test strip. This test strip is then placed on a meter that indicates blood sugar levels. These results come in less than 15 seconds, allowing you to perform multiple tests on different days to get a more accurate assessment. Meters are also available that provide you with your average blood sugar levels over an extended period of time. These meters even come with charts and graphs to indicate past results. Blood sugar meters and strips are readily available at all major pharmacy locations.
- Other Meter Tests: These tests are not exclusive to blood from the fingertip. Other parts of the body, such as your arm, forearm, thumb and thighs are sometimes used for testing. These results are sometimes different from the fingertip tests. If you want a more accurate assessment, use different meters on multiple days and take the average of the results. However, fingertip readings are said to come more quickly, and they are often more accurate for people who suffer from hypoglycemia.
Blood sugar levels normal range during pregnancy
The cause of gestational diabetes (type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes) is unknown but the main reason could be to provide enough sugars to the growing baby.
High blood sugar during pregnancy is often symptom less but if you have been showing increased thirst, or frequent urination or feeling tired and dizzy, you might have developed gestational diabetes. Though these are some of the common symptoms of being pregnant that are not very specific.