Hip Pain During Pregnancy
Hip Pain During Pregnancy: Causes and Treatment
Hip pain during pregnancy is a common symptom that you may experience. This discomfort is most often felt late in pregnancy, specifically during the third trimester. This occurs because your body is preparing itself for labor. Soreness and pain are often felt the strongest on the side where the baby tends to lie in your uterus.
What causes hip pain during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, your body releases hormones that allow connective tissue to relax and soften. As a result of this, the joints and ligaments between the bones in your pelvis will begin to loosen. Increasing flexibility in these bones is imperative for allowing the baby to move through your body during labor. Lower back pain, as well as, changes in posture and a heavier uterus may contribute to the soreness you feel.
Other causes of pain in your hips include increased pressure on the sciatic nerve. The two sciatic nerves in your body run from the lower back to the feet. When an enlarged uterus puts pressure on the nerves, you can experience pain, numbness, or a tingling sensation in the buttocks, hips, and thighs. This problem is referred to as sciatica. As you get closer to your due date, your baby will change its position in your uterus. This will likely reduce the discomfort you are feeling. Sciatica is usually normal during pregnancy, but you should still inform your doctor if you experience it, as there are other less common, but serious, causes of sciatica.
Another possible cause of hip pain during the second trimester is round ligament pain. Round ligament pain is characterized by sharp pains in the abdomen, hip, and groin area. The pain may intensify with rapid movements or changes in position. For more information on round ligament pain, please review this article on round ligament pain during pregnancy.
How can you alleviate hip pain during pregnancy?
Practicing exercises that strengthen both the back muscles, as well as, your abdominal muscles will likely reduce hip pain. One exercise that may provide relief is elevating your hips above chest level while lying on your back for a couple of minutes. Taking a warm bath or applying warm compresses to the sore area can reduce pain. In addition, a massage may ease soreness.
As you get closer to your delivery date, make sure to sleep on your side and keep your legs and knees bent. Using pillows to support your abdomen and upper leg can alleviate uncomfortableness while sleeping. If lying on your side worsens your hip pain, place a pillow or blanket at the small of your back and sleep leaning against it. This will reduce pressure on the hip you are sleeping on.
When should you call your doctor?
If your hip pain is accompanied by a pressure or soreness in the pelvic area that radiates towards the thighs before the 37th week of pregnancy, it is important to seek out your health care provider. This can be a sign of preterm labor.
Along with pelvic pressure, other indications of preterm labor are:
- Abdominal cramping and discomfort, particularly in the lower abdomen
- Lower backache that extends to the front and sides of your body, without relief, when you change positions
- Unexpected contractions that occur approximately every ten minutes
- Discharge from your vagina that is clear, pink, or brown in color
Last updated: September 20, 2017 at 14:20 pm
Compiled using information from the following sources:
1. Katz, Vern L. (2003). Prenatal Care in Scott, James R., Gibbs, Ronald S., Karlan, Beth Y., & Haney, Arthur F. (Eds.), Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology, 9 th edition (18). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
2. The Third Trimester: 28 to 40 weeks and beyond in Johnson, Robert V. (Ed.), Mayo Clinic Complete Book of Pregnancy & Baby’s First Year (176-7). New York, NY: William Morrow and Company, Inc.
3. Common concerns and questions of pregnancy in Harms, Roger W. (Ed.), Mayo Clinic Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy (455-76). New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers Inc.
13 Effective Precautions To Get Relief From Pelvic Girdle Pain During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a time that needs you to be extremely careful and alert.
All through your pregnancy, you may confront some form of pain. It might be in the abdomen, legs or pelvic area. Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is common during pregnancy and affects a majority of women. It can start towards the end of the first trimester, or even in the last trimester.
Causes Of Pelvic Girdle Pain During Pregnancy:
There are a number of bones and joints that make up the pelvic area. Pelvic bones are joined in the front by a bone called symphysis pubis. Ligaments support all these bones and keep them placed tightly together.
When you are expecting, a number of factors may cause pelvic pain during pregnancy:
- The hormone relaxin, which is secreted at this time, makes your ligaments loose in order to facilitate birth. It will also stretch the ligaments in the pelvic area, making them unstable.
- The pelvic muscles have to support additional weight of your baby
- Towards the end of the term, the head of your baby receding lower can cause the pain.
- Even the changing position of your growing baby can trigger pain.
- The joints, which are normally tightly held, become loose and move more freely. This causes pain to you.
Whatever be the cause, the result is the same; acute pain and discomfort.
Symptoms Of Pelvic Girdle Pain During Pregnancy:
When you are suffering from PGP, you may encounter these symptoms:
- Inability to walk properly; you may waddle if the pain is too much.
- Problem in standing up and moving from a sitting position.
- Pain in lower back, around the hip joints.
- Turning around in bed will be difficult without support.
- Pain in thighs or even lower legs due to pressure on veins.
- Difficulty in lifting and parting legs due to restricted hip movement.
- A clicking sound from the pelvic girdle, as the bones rubs against each other.
- Changes in bowel and bladder functioning. You may have to visit the washroom often or experience indigestion.
Relief From Pelvic Girdle Pain InВ Pregnancy:
While the pain is likely to continue till the end of your pregnancy and even some time after you have given birth, the following precautions will provide some respite:
By following these tips you will be able to reduce the discomfort caused due to pelvic pain in pregnancy to a certain extent.
- Pelvic girdle pain is mostly experienced at the end of the day, when your body is tired.
- Though it is usual, it causes ample uneasiness and must be reported to your doctor.
- In some cases, it might make vaginal birth difficult.
- Just keep your movements slow and steady and ask your partner for support.
We hope our little guide on PGP helps you handle the situation effectively. It is always better to consult your doctor whenever you feel the first pangs of the pain. This will aid you to ensure complete health safety to yourself and your growing baby inside.
Do share your views and comments in the section below with other readers.
Pain in the hip joint
The hip joint, or TBS, is the largest joint in the human body. He has to take on the main burden. TBS should maintain balance, provide movement and withstand the weight of the human body. Even minor problems with the hip joint can lead to unpleasant consequences. Treatment should begin immediately.
Causes of pain
Consider the main possible causes of pain in the hip joint:
This is one of the most common causes of discomfort. The most severe injury is a fracture of the neck of the hip. In most cases, this type of fracture is affected by older people who often have osteoporosis: the bones become brittle and lose strength.
Non-traumatic injuries are associated with the presence of diseases. If a hip joint is affected, there may not be any sharp pain. Nevertheless, the discomfort will always be present. Absence of treatment can lead to serious complications. The most common pathologies include:
- . Arthritis . This disease is inflammation of the joints. In most cases, elderly people suffer from arthritis. Determine the presence of arthritis can be due to the sharp pain that occurs when trying to rise from the sitting position. When walking, discomfort can greatly increase. Arthritis leads to inflammation and dystrophic changes in the hip joint.
- . Bursitis vertical bag . Above the projection of the femur is a vertical liquid bag, the inflammation of which is called bursitis. Determine the presence of inflammation can be caused by the external area of the buttocks pain. Unpleasant sensations can intensify, if you lie on the side struck bursitis.
- . Coxarthrosis . This disease is also called deforming arthrosis. The disease is most often found in middle-aged people. The first signs of the disease are noticeable even at an early stage of its development. However, they are so insignificant that patients just do not pay attention to them. In the first stage of coxarthrosis (there are 3 of them), pain can occur in the affected TBS. Serious discomfort is characteristic already for the second stage. Painful sensations will accompany any movement of the patient, amplifying at night. Pain can "give" to the groin or the knee. Even during sleep, the muscles around the affected area are in tension.
- . Hereditary factor . Heredity can be the cause of many diseases. It is likely that a person suffering from joint pain has a predisposition to TBS. Among the most common hereditary diseases of the hip joint is Legg Calve Perthes disease, which occurs in children, mostly boys.
- . Tumors . It is possible that the cause of aching pain in the hip joint area was a new formation on bone or muscle tissue.
- . Infections . Inflammation can cause streptococci, staphylococci, influenza virus and other infections, the presence of which can be determined by the rapid development of the disease. Tumescence is observed in the area of the affected joint. A patient may develop a fever. Acute pain occurs not only when you move, but also when you touch the affected area. Tuberculosis arthritis, which affects TBS in most cases, develops gradually. Pain is felt when walking in the knee and part of the thigh. As the disease develops, the infected area swells. The hip practically loses mobility.
- . Tendonitis . This disease is characterized by inflammation of the tendons. Diseases are affected by people whose professional activities are associated with persistent physical stress. Very often the appearance of the disease can be observed in athletes. Pain sensations in tendonitis can appear only with a large and prolonged physical exertion.
You should not make your own diagnosis, as the symptoms of many diseases of TBS are very similar to each other. If you experience any discomfort, you should contact a specialist. A doctor can prescribe a test in the form of:
- Bacteriological, biochemical or general analyzes;
- Radiography in the TBS or spine;
- Studies of tendon reflexes or electromyography;
- Study of patency of vessels;
- Computed tomography.
Pain in the hip joint: treatment
It is possible to prescribe treatment only after obtaining reliable information about the patient's state of health. However, in the presence of a strong pain syndrome, the doctor prescribes analgesics before the cause is established.
The following measures can be taken by a specialist:
- Appointment of diuretics;
- The use of muscle relaxants, necessary to weaken reflex spasm of muscles;
- Use of manual therapy. If the cause of the pain is the clamped nerve, it must be released. For the same purposes, therapeutic gymnastics may be prescribed;
- Purpose of anti-inflammatory therapy;
- Use of auxiliary means: acupuncture, physiotherapy, hirudotherapy, etc.
Sacroiliac Joint During Pregnancy
One of the most common complaints during pregnancy is lower back pain. Most expectant mothers assume that the pain is caused by the lopsidedness of the body’s posture as a result of the growing uterus. Many put it down to sciatica related pain. However, this is not always the case.
This joint is very important as it acts as the body’s natural shock absorber when.
.it comes to activities like walking, running, climbing and standing up after sitting, making these activities less strenuousu
The sacroiliac joints – on the left and the right of the spine are L-shaped and are held in place by strong ligaments that provide a limited range of movementn
During pregnancy, a number of hormonal changes take place in a woman’s bodyd The production of estrogen, progesterone and relaxin increases manifold and this alters the bony pelvis to cope with pregnancy and the widening of the sacroiliac joints to facilitate childbirth is the main intentiono Relaxin relaxes the joints, allowing greater movement of the sacroiliac jointst When the movement of these load bearing joints becomes too much, it results in instability in its normal functioningn Affected functioning of the sacroiliac joint during pregnancy causes a strain on the lower back thus leading to sacroiliac joint back pain during pregnancyc Pain related to the sacroiliac joint during pregnancy magnifies when the body posture is altered due to the weight of the expanding uterusu
The symptoms of sacroiliitis during pregnancy include a shooting or stabbing pain in the lower back, buttocks as well as the thighs, similar to that experienced in the case of sciaticac The pain experienced tends to increase when walking and climbing as the hips move and this may result in limpingn At times, the pain is unbearable thus restricting movementn Some women find it difficult to lie down for a long time and this increases the discomfortr Self medication is not recommended at all as it could worsen the condition as well as affect the pregnancyc Consulting a doctor with regard to any pain is highly advisablel Sacroiliitis during pregnancy should not be ignored as it could lead to more serious complications, if left untreatede