PREGNANCY IN DOG
Diagnosing pregnancy in a dog is extremely difficult unless you are experienced at looking for the signs and symptoms. Diagnostic tests, such as ultrasound, are unable to detect early pregnancies in dogs. The period during which puppies are developing inside the mother’s uterus is known as the gestational period. While gestation in dogs normally lasts for nine weeks, the puppies may be born anywhere from 58 to 68 days after the pregnancy begins. During pregnancy, a dog goes through several stages, similar to those that occur during a human pregnancy.
· Pregnant dogs require special care just like pregnant humans. As a dog’s pregnancy progresses, her nutritional needs change and her activity limitations expand. Moreover, preparation for labor and delivery must be made before the dog is ready to give birth to her puppies. For these reasons, it is important to determine what stage of pregnancy a dog is in, and to learn to recognize the symptoms associated with each pregnancy stage.
· Pregnancies in dogs are divided into four stages: stage one, stage two, stage three and imminent delivery. In the first stage, which lasts approximately three weeks, the pregnant dog will typically show no signs of being pregnant. However, some dogs in this stage of pregnancy may be reluctant to eat or may seem unusually tired. As the pregnancy progresses into the second stage, or weeks four through six, the dog’s appetite begins to increase and she may begin to gain weight. Nipple growth typically begins at the beginning of stage two.
Stage three symptoms include an obvious increase in abdominal growth and the beginning of milk production. The puppies may be felt moving in the abdomen during the end of stage three. This stage of pregnancy concludes near nine weeks. When delivery is imminent, the pregnant dog may begin nesting, appear restless and begin seeking a place to have her puppies. A temperature drop to 97 to 99 degrees F is a sign that delivery will occur within the next 24 hours.
· While most dogs typically come into heat every six months, larger breeds may come into heat less frequently. Vaginal bleeding and swelling of the vulva are obvious signs that a dog is ready to breed. Once conception takes place, a dog’s gestation period lasts for an average of nine weeks. Three weeks after breeding, or after the first stage of pregnancy, female dogs should be examined for signs of pregnancy. Symptoms typically do not begin until the second stage, but dietary changes should be made if a pregnancy is suspected. The third stage of pregnancy begins near week six and lasts until a day or two before delivery begins. Because the time line of the pregnancy is important, and because pregnancy dating cannot be done until near delivery, the dates of breeding and symptom development need to be kept on record.
· Because pregnancies in dogs cannot be confirmed by urine or ultrasound until late in the pregnancy, knowing what symptoms and signs are associated with pregnancy in dogs can help tremendously in making the diagnosis. During the first month of pregnancy, most pregnant dogs will gradually begin to put on weight. This is especially true for dogs carrying many puppies. Generally, a diagnosis cannot be accurately made at all until nearly a month after breeding. At this time, the pregnancy may be detected by feeling the dog’s abdomen for signs of developing puppies. X-rays can confirm the diagnosis and detect the number of puppies after approximately six weeks. About this time, mammary glands may also begin to enlarge, but milk may not be present until a week before delivery occurs.
During the final few weeks of pregnancy, your dog may become irritable and should not be left alone with small children or other pets. As the birth gets closer, pregnant dogs often become restless, withdraw and may urinate or defecate in the house. Nesting typically takes place during the final week of pregnancy.
· There are some things to look out for in pregnant dogs, both during pregnancy and during the delivery process. If your pregnant dog stops eating and drinking, appears to be ill or begins bleeding during the first stages of pregnancy, she should been seen immediately by a veterinarian. During delivery, if a puppy becomes lodged in the birth canal, if strong labor persists for more than two hours without delivery of a puppy or if labor becomes weak, intermittent or lasts longer than six hours without giving birth, a veterinarian should be consulted immediately. Your pregnant dog should also be seen if her pregnancy continues beyond 68 days, and she should be seen in emergency care if she begins panting, vomiting or develops tremors.
False Pregnancy in Female Dogs
Pseudo-pregnancy in Female Dogs
False pregnancy, or pseudopregnancy, is a term used to denote a common condition in a non-pregnant female dog that is showing symptoms of pregnancy, lactation, or nursing, without producing puppies. The affected female dog shows these symptoms about a month or two after her estrus (heat) is over. A hormonal imbalance is thought to play a central role in affected female dogs. Depending on the severity of problem, the symptoms may last for more than a month.
Symptoms and Types
Non-pregnant female dog may show symptoms of mothering activity, nesting, and self-nursing
Enlargement of mammary glands
Brownish watery fluid or water secretion from the mammary glands
The exact cause for this condition is unknown. However, hormonal imbalances, especially of progesterone and prolactin, are thought to play an important role in its development. Some female dogs have been found to show such abnormal symptoms within three to four days after after an ovariohysterectomy (surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus).
You will need to give a detailed history of your dog’s health, and the onset and nature of the symptoms. Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam to evaluate all body systems, and to evaluate the overall health of your dog. Routine blood tests will include a complete blood count, biochemistry profile and urinalysis, all of which usually reveal normal results, unless an underlying disease is present. And diagnostic imaging such as abdominal X-rays and ultrasound is used to rule out infection of the uterus or normal pregnancy.
Unless symptoms persist, treatment is typically unnecessary. Otherwise, your veterinarian may recommend hormonal supplementation or ovariohysterectomy (removal of ovaries and uterus) to prevent further episodes.
Living and Management
To reduce mammary gland secretions, your veterinarian will advise you on using cold or warm packs to minimize the stimulation that promotes lactation. An Elizabethan collar (cone) can also help prevent the self-nursing or licking behavior that can stimulate lactation. In some patients, reducing the daily food intake can help to reduce the production of milk.
For those owners who are not planning to breed their dog, and do not want their female dogs to reproduce in the future, ovariohysterectomy is recommended for preventing future episodes of false pregnancy behavior. The overall prognosis is good and most dogs improve within two to three weeks, even without treatment.
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Symptoms of Pregnant Dog | Signs of Dog Pregnancy | Dog Pregnancy Period
The breeding season for a pet owner who hasn’t got the dog spayed can be extremely difficult to handle. Dog owners who breed their dogs have to be careful to prevent pregnancy and detect it. Unlike humans, pregnancies in dogs are not that easy to detect. In fact, in a lot of cases, the dog may be pregnant without the dog owner even realizing it.
There are different symptoms of pregnancies at different stages. If the pregnancy is unwanted, identifying the symptoms will help you detect it and get it terminated. In dogs, pregnancy lasts for about sixty days. The real duration can be shorter or longer depending on several factors. During the initial phase, the dog starts to eat less, and there are clear signs of a decreasing appetite. The dog gets easily exhausted even though its activity levels are low. For an active dog, there may be a discernible decline in the levels of activity.
One of the most prominent signs of pregnancy in dog is the growth of the mammary glands. The nipples become large and puffy. The breasts begin to swell because of milk production. The behavior of the female dog will change too. Due to the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy, there is a noticeable change in the personality and the behavior of the dog. The dog becomes listless and may not enjoy the company of other pets or its owner.
As the pregnancy progresses, the dog will begin to regain some of its lost appetite. The dog will begin to gain weight which will be especially evident around the abdomen. The abdomen area becomes thick and firm during this period. The abdomen continues to grow, till in the last stage when it becomes extremely hard. The size of the abdomen depends largely on the number of puppies in the litter that the dog is carrying.
In the last week of pregnancy, you may even feel the movements of the puppies if you feel the dog’s abdomen. During this last stage, the teats of the female dog may begin to leak, with a thick milky fluid oozing out; this the first milk of the dog. It is an indication that the puppies are soon going to be born.
If you are able to identify the initial symptoms of pregnancy in your dog, take your pet to the veterinarian so that an exact diagnosis can be made. An ultrasound test should be able to put your doubts to rest.
Early Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy in Dogs
In some circumstances, dogs may accidentally breed in an unplanned manner. In other cases, however, an owner may purposely breed dogs in hopes of a new puppy litter. No matter the situation, it is important that you are able to notice and identify the signs that your dog is pregnant so that you can take proper medical action. Here are some of the early signs and symptoms of pregnancy in dogs.
4.Change in nipple color is also common in pregnant dogs. Not only will the nipples develop and grow, but also they will change slightly in color to a light pink color or even a slightly gray tone. This color change especially happens on the last 4 to 6 nipples closer to your dog’s hind legs.
As with any pregnancy, your pregnant dog will experience lots of bodily and mood changes that are out of character. Your dog may have a change in appetite, a decrease in activity levels, nipple growth and change in color, as well as a change in behavior. Once you notice these pregnancy signs, you will be able to care for your dog appropriately by taking her to a vet with top of the line Keebovet equipment, providing her with proper nutrition, and ensuring that she rests enough.
Dog pregnancy symptoms
Dog breeding is one of the most exciting experience you will ever have. The normal period of dog gestation is 2 months approximately about 60 days or more. Before you begin it is very important that you learn the basic behaviours of pregnant dog symptoms first.
You will not see any signs of dog pregnancy and symptoms during the first 3 weeks to 1 month. During this period female dog will be wanting more attention from you. You will notice change in nipples size and some female dog will be wanting more food however these behaviours are not guarantee of your dog pregnancy but can be used as reference. The behaviour just mentioned can be the same signs of dog false pregnancy symptoms or other causes such as abnormal hormone which may occure during the heat cycles period. Decrease in appitite is one of the earliest signs that can be seen during the first few week of gestation when your dog is pregnant. For clearer indication you will see the sudden decrease in activity and behaviour change such as lay on the same spot for a long time, their nipple size growth, vomiting often, breast material build up beneath the nipples which is the signs of preparation for milk production to feed her puppies in the future.
After one month period the abdomen will thicken and firm belly. You can examine this by gently touching the area then you will get the feeling of hard and firm stomach rather than fat feeling on the area. Pregnant dog will double their food consumption when compare with the first period of pregnancy, this is because nutrition is required for both pregnant dog and puppies inside the body.
Other related symptoms of dog pregnancy is sleep more than usual, excessive urination and drink more water. During the initial stage of labor the process of dilate cervix and uterine contractions will begin which is very painful for pregnant dog. She will show clear signs of restless and uncomfortable. Most dogs at this period won’t eat anything and also vomiting often.
Measure her rectal temperature 2 time aday. The temperature of normal dog is 100-101 farenheit. If the temperature drop down to 98 farenheit then it mean that she will give birth in the next few hours usually less than 24 hours.